Hernie discale

Hernie discale

Hernie discale

Qu’est ce qu’une Hernie Discal ?

Notre dos est composé de 24 vertèbres qui sont lié les une avec les autres, entre chaque vertèbre il y a des disques intervertébraux en forme de noyaux, solide et flexible, elle permette à notre colonne d’être mobile. Elle joue aussi un rôle d’amortisseur.

La hernie discale apparait lorsqu’ un disque est usé affaiblie ou fissuré. C’est à ce moment que la douleur apparait.

Où se localise une hernie discale ?

• Cervicale• Lombaire

Chiffre clé en france : ( source CHU REIMS)

• 30000 cas sont opérés par ans• 120000 cas  traités médicalement.• 85% des cas hernies lombaires• 15% des cas hernie cervicale

 

Qu’elles sont les causes d’une hernie discale ?

Les causes sont très variées, voici une liste non exhaustive des causes récence :

• Dégénérescence discale ; c’est un processus naturel du corps humain, le vieillissement  des disques intervertébrales. Jeune nos disques contiennent beaucoup d’eau et en vieillissent nos disque se déshydrate et s’affaiblisse !  • Mauvaise posture lors de soulèvement de charge lourde

• Obésité, surpoids et grossesse ; l’excès de poids sur-sollicite la colonne vertébrale.• Métier physique ; certain métier sollicite beaucoup notre colonne vertébrale, soulèvement, rotation et flexion répété sans pratiqué des gestes de sécurité pour protégé le dos. • L’hérédité ; pour certaine cela vienne des gènes de leurs parents, il y a une prédisposition à une hernie discale• Sédentarité ; l’exercice permet de prévenir une hernie discale, surtout pour les personnes travaillant de nombreuses heures assis sur une chaise !• Faiblesse musculaire ; lorsque le dos n’est pas suffisamment musclé, C’est la colonne vertébrale qui ramasse !

Qu’elle solution pour soulager soigné une hernie discale ?

• Traitement médicamenteux ;

Anti inflammatoire ou antalgique permettent de soulager dans certain cas la douleur, la hernie reste bien évidement. Ceci permet de soigné la conséquence (la douleur)mais pas la cause qui provoque la douleur. Pour toute prise de médicament consulté votre médecin traitant

• Infiltration locale

Lorsque le traitement médicamenteux ne fonctionne pas, c’est l’étape suivante pour soulager les douleurs

L’opération chirurgicale ;

parfois pratiqué en urgence suite à une sciatique paralysante ou lorsque la douleur et si intense qu’elle empêche de dormir.

Cependant dans la majorité des cas l’opération est la dernière solution pour soigné une hernie discale.

Comment prévenir une hernie discale ?

Il existe des moyens pour prévenir une hernie discale ;

• Garder une activité sportive

• Musclé le dos

• Avoir une bonne posture

• Garder un poids convenable

• Chaussure confortable

• Évité de resté assis de long moment (coupé toute les heures 2minutes)

 

 

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